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KILMUN, ST MUNN'S PARISH CHURCH (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND) INCLUDING ARGYLL AND DOUGLAS MAUSOLEA, ASSOCIATED BUILDINGS AND GRAVEYARD (Ref:5073)

This building is in the Argyll And Bute Council and the Dunoon And Kilmun Parish. It is a category A building and was listed on 20/07/1971.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 16593 82074.

Description

Loch Lomond And Trossachs National Park Planning Authority

Kilmun Parish Church, including the complex surrounding it, is an exceptional example of an ecclesiastical complex including a number of major periods of development. The site is nationally important and, as well as a fine 19th century church, contains the burial place for the Campbells of Argyll from the 15th to the 20th century and a good collection of post-medieval headstones.

Kilmun church is built on the site of a substantial older foundation. A church is recorded at the site in the 13th century but it appears that the tower now standing belongs to a collegiate church of 1442 built by Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochawe (now a Scheduled Ancient Monument). In 1688 the choir of the collegiate church was re-built to serve as a parish church.

In 1841 the bulk of the Collegiate church was demolished to make way for a new church by Thomas Burns, built to house the increasing number of summer visitors to the Holy Loch. The main body of the church is T-plan, with the nave extending N. At the head of the T is a small square tower with corner finials and a pierced stone parapet, over an advanced, gabled central bay . The church is lit by single lancets on the main S wall and by wider traceried lancets on the E and W gables. In 1898-9, the well-known church architect Peter McGregor Chalmers re-arranged the interior, forming an open choir in the place of the closed vestry on the S wall. Chalmers also introduced new arcades supporting the E and W galleries.

Interior Of Church: the interior of the church is substantially as designed by McGregor Chalmers, including intricately-carved chancel furniture and panelling. The church contains a number of good stained glass windows, much of it by Stephen Adam, including life of Christ scenes and a portrait of George Miller of Invereck as St Matthew. Adam's successor, Alfred Webster, designed a number of later windows, including a war memorial window in the N gable. An unusual feature is the hydraulically-powered organ, made in 1909 by Normand and Beard. It is one of only two water-powered examples known to still be in use (2012) in Scotland, the other being at St Mary's Episcopal Church, Dalkeith (see seperate listing). The flat ceiling is supported by decorative tudor-arched trusses supported on stone corbels. The walls are rendered with exposed sandstone dressings and panelled to dado height.

Halls: the halls, in the NW angle, were built in 1909-10, also by Chalmers. Piend-roofed, with mullioned and leaded windows.

Materials: snecked, squared sandstone rubble with ashlar dressings. Ashlar sandstone to the tower. Grey slate roof.

Argyll Mausoleum: the Argyll Mausoleum is situated at the NE corner of the modern church. The Mausoleum was built to the designs of James Lowrie in 1795-6, replacing a vault used by the Argyll family inside the Collegiate church. It remained in situ when the Collegiate church was demolished and the present church built. Originally, it had a slated pyramid roof, but this was replaced by a cast iron dome in 1891-3. As it stands, the mausoleum is on a square-plan with the pointed-arched entrance on the N elevation, flanked by two blind-traceried lancets and applied pilasters. The domed roof has rooflights and a smaller dome at the apex. The Argyll Campbells were buried in this mausoleum - the last being the 10th Duke in 1949. The interior of the mausoleum consists of two platforms on the side walls containing coffins and on the S wall a wide cusped arch over a niche containing the 15th century effigies of Duncan Campbell, the founder of the Collegiate church and his wife.

Douglas Of Glenfinart Mausoleum: built in 1888 to the NW of the church this is an octagonal red sandstone structure, with rock-cut ashlar walls, a studded timber door with a carved armorial panel above it and a stone-slabbed roof. The mausoleum contains the remains of General Sir John Douglas, commander during the Indian Mutiny.

Graveyard: the graveyard at Kilmun contains a number of interesting memorials, including later medieval tapered slabs and several high quality 17th and 18th century headstones and table-tombs carved with trade tools. In the SE corner is a small `Watchhouse'. Latterly, the graveyard was extended twice, at first to the N uphill and later to the W, taking up some of the grounds of Old Kilmun House. A second small building, built on two levels, the purpose of which is unclear, but dating to the late 19th century, survives to the NE of the church. The walls are likely to date to 1818-19, when the churchyard was laid out. Immediately to the W of the church are square-plan gatepiers with Gothic capstones. A cast iron drinking fountain, complete with drinking cup also survives to the W of the church.

Notes

Ecclesiastical building in use as such.

References

Ordnance Survey 1st edition (c1863) and 2nd edition (c1898); Gilles, V M and D C, Kilmun (St Munn's) Parish Church- A Brief History (Pamphlet) (2001); RCAHMS, Argyll; an Inventory of the Monuments: Vol 7; Mid Argyll and Cowal; Medieval and Later Monuments; Walker, F A and Sinclair, F, North Clyde Estuary: an Illustrated Architectural Guide (1992), 133; Walker, F A, Buildings of Scotland: Argyll and Bute, (2000), 355; Buildings of Scotland Notes, NMRS;

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).