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This building is in the Argyll And Bute Council and the Cardross Parish. It is a category C building and was listed on 23/02/1996.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 3422 7954.


Later 19th century farmhouse built onto early 19th century cottage and steading. Single storey and attic, 3-bay rectangular-plan farmhouse with long single storey rectangular-plan steading at rear forming long T-plan. House harled and whitewashed; steading whitewashed rubble.

SW ELEVATION: single storey and attic. Boarded door at centre, letterbox fanlight; flanking windows. Gabled dormerheads symmetrically disposed above.

SE (ROAD) ELEVATION: gable of farmhouse to left with lower wing adjoining earlier building. Long elevation, originally with cottage at left end, outbuildings to right; now 8 bays outer right end of steading collapsed. Small plain openings; ridge stacks at left end.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: rubble with lower single storey gabled wing to outer right.

Windows now all boarded. Grey slate roof, some repatching.


This modest farmhouse and steading is listed for its historical connections with the innovative aviator Percy Sinclair Pilcher. Low Auchencail was the site from which Pilcher made his later flying experiments using the Bat, a glider built by Pilcher and his sister Ella in lodgings in Glasgow?s West end. The method of launching was to run downhill against the wind and take short jumps and Low Auchensail?s prominent location made this possible. He had earlier carried out gliding experiments at Wallacetown Farm in Cardross. Pilcher was killed in his glider "The Hawk" in 1899 at Stanford Hall, Kent.


"Another Icarus" Philip Jarrett (Smithsonian). Information from Professor Duglad Cameron Glasgow School of Art.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).