Historic Scotland Data Website
Results New Search

CLOSEBURN CASTLE (Ref:4004)

This building is in the Dumfries And Galloway Council and the Closeburn Parish. It is a category B building and was listed on 03/08/1971.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NX 907 921.

Description

Late 14th century rectangular-plan tower house with mostly

18th and 19th century alterations and low additions. Out-

buildings to west. TOWER HOUSE: 3 storeys over vaulted

basement, small-paned irregularly-spaced windows mostly

altered, with segmental heads; coursed rubble, ashlar

dressings; gabled stone slab roof with ball finial and ridge

stack all enclosed by parapet latter crenellated in 19th

century: cap house over north wallhead; Interior: yett

survives, and iron-studded door; wheel stair at north; now 2

rooms on each floor, north ground floor room vaulted with

plain plaster ceiling ribs and masks; bedroom cupboard on

upper floor has (re-set) plaster mask over door; attic also

vaulted. ADDITIONS: (mostly red ashlar) roofed forestair at

west to original door; castellated porch (after 1856) at

north, segmental-arched east-facing 2-leaf door with side

lights, recessed piended bay adjoining with segmental-arched

window (also east-facing) flanked by blind square openings

having margins linked with eaves band. Asymmetrical rear

elevation, kitchen linked with outbuildings. Corniced

octagonal or diamond flues; slate roof.

Notes

After the mansion house of Closeburn was destroyed by fire 1748, the Kirkpatrick family returned to the castle "fitting it up as their residence" (Ramage). A Rowan, in SHAMBELLIE, 1982, p.16, notes that David Bryce, architect, had visted Shambellie ".... while on business in the area at Capenoch and Closeburn tower" (July 1854). Porch not shown on 1st ed O.S. (surveyed 1856). View in Grose's ANTIQUITIES shows a plain parapet.

References

RCAHM, INVENTORY 1920. no 59 (incl plans and section) Grose, ANTIQUITIES OF SCOTLAND, 1789 vol I, p.150 (incl illustrations). MacGibbon & Ross, CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE vol III, 1889 (1977 reprint) p.128. 1982 sale catalogue in NMRS; 1845 sale particulars in SRO GD 224/511/3. R M F Watson, CLOSEBURN, ETC 1901 Chapter V. SRO RHP 9454. COUNTRY LIFE 10.1.1947. C T Ramage, DRUMLANRIG CASTLE AND THE DOUGLASES, 1876, p.184.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

Results New Search

Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).