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CAUSEYSIDE STREET RUSSELL INSTITUTE (Ref:38944)

This building is in the Renfrewshire Council and the Paisley Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 27/03/1985.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 483 638.

Description

J Steel Maitland, architect. Archibald Dawson, sculptor 1926-7. 3-storey monumental public building block with 7 bays, to Causeyside Street, 6 to New Street, 1 corner bay. Polished granite plinth with Blaxter sandstone ashlar cladding to reinforced concrete frame. Bronze window panels. Angle bay, approached by steps with 2 octagonal columns inset in architrave. 2 enamelled coats of arms. Over columns Bronze nameplate between bronze group of Mother and children above. Windows to two upper floors and attic lunette linked vertically by bronze panels and flanked by corniced pilasters supporting architraved, arch with keystone supporting gilded bronze angel carrying 2 babies. Carved to left and right is "A DEO SALUS". Cornice with 2 bronze finials. Long elevations: "pylons" to outer bays,: 3 with slit windows each floor: 4th to right of Causeyside Street elevation has door at ground and oriel over rising to attic, supported by stone angel. Ashlar piers between inner bays at ground each support bronze figure of infant. Above piers rise through 2 upper floors, to carved brackets supporting cornices, and parapet. Ground floor cross windows, 1st and 2nd floors linked vertically with bronze bands. Slate roof with later dormers to Causeyside Street. Return elevation to west has 2 pylons with 5 narrow windows each floor between. Rear elevations show exposed concrete. INTERIOR: 2-leaf glazed lobby doors to double-height, marble-clad entrance hall with compartmented ceiling. Gallery corridor at 1st floor with star-cut marble balustrade between columns that rise from ground-floor pilasters. White marble staircase rising through segmental arch opposite entrance; marble-architraved entrances to ground floor corridors flanking stair to each side; semicircular cantilevered balcony projecting above staircase supported on large scrolled brown marble bracket that springs from keystone of staircase arch; cast-bronze plaque to centre of balcony inscribed `THIS BUILDING IS GIFTED TO THE CITIZENS OF PAISLEY BY MISS AGNES RUSSELL IN MEMORY OF HER TWO BROTHERS ROBERT & THOMAS RUSSELL. Staircase divides into 2 from second flight with elaborate Art-Deco, gold-painted metal balustrade with polished timber handrail; polished timber benches (many curved to fit against curved walls) with scrolled legs to stair landings and other circulation areas. Many other original fixtures remain.

Notes

A monumental public building situated prominently in Paisley town centre on the corner of Causeyside Street and New Street. The Russell Institute was designed by one of Paisley┬┐s leading architects and is one of the best examples of his work. No expense was spared in the construction of the building and this is evident from the use of bronze of and stone sculpture on the exterior of the building and the high quality of the interior fixtures. The Russell Institute was opened by HRH Princess Mary on 19th March 1927. It was donated to Paisley Burgh by Miss Russell (who died before it was completed) as a memorial to her two brothers, Robert and Thomas Russell. It was built as a child welfare clinic and is still used for roughly that purpose. Miss Russell placed no financial restriction on the construction expenses, and the final cost of the building was not revealed. The architectural practice Abercrombie and Maitland was chosen to design the building. This practice had been established by T G Abercrombie in 1886 and by the early 20th century was the leading architectural practice in Paisley. In about 1920 Abercrombie employed J S Maitland as his assistant, and took him into partnership 3 years later. Maitland was given responsibility for designing the Russell Institute from the start, and continued the practice on his own following Abercrombie┬┐s death in 1926. The building originally had bronze or wrought-iron balconies to the 1st floor windows; these were removed in about 1960. Upgraded from category B to A 3 October 2005.

References

Souvenir Brochure of opening. Historical information from www.paisley.org.uk

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).