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This building is in the Dumfries And Galloway Council and the Balmaghie Parish. It is a category A building and was listed on 04/11/1971.

Group Items: See Notes, Group Cat: A, Map Ref: NX 675 699.


Robert Lugar, architect; 1822. Built for John Cunningham of Lainshaw, Ayr. 2-storey and attic house with principal rooms in square plan block to E with angle turrets. Much lower L-shaped service wing to W. The house survives largely intact the only major external alteration is the removal of S front porch replaced circa 1960 by granite, timber and glass conservatory. Porch re-erected to N front to form new main entrance into old service quarters. Rock-faced granite with polished inner faces to window margins, hoodmoulds. MAIN BLOCK: square plan with 3-storey ogee roofed square turrets to angles. S ELEVATION: 3-bay with boldly advanced gabled centre bay. Modern projecting conservatory; granite base, timber and glass with slate roof. Above, canted corbelled oriel with gable over. Conservatory flanked by tripartites at ground, single light above. E ELEVATION: 2 asymmetrical gabled bays. That to left shallow advanced with tripartite to ground, single light above. To right, 2 single lights to ground, corbelled oriel above (Lugar's drawing shows ornamental parapet to oriel never executed). N ELEVATION: 3-bay with centre bay recessed, outer bays gabled, that to right with tripartite to ground, otherwise all single tight windows, those to right 1st with replaced 4-pane glazing. Angle turrets with lead ogee roofs, slit windows with diamond pane glazing. T-plan service wing lower 2-storey with pedimented dormers, W wing taller and gabled. To S 5-bay elevation with circa 1919 single-storey extension to inner 3 bays; bipartites flanking tripartite, deep plain parapet, flat roof. Variety of glazing patterns throughout house. Original design mullioned and transomed with 2, 4 or 6-pane glazing, some 12-pane or 4-pane sash and case. Servants wing with mullioned and transomed windows with diamond-pane glazing, some with lower portions of plate glass. Slate roofs, tall individual granite stacks often in groups of 3 or 4 give distinctive roofline. INTERIOR: largely unaltered. Gothic hallway with 4-centre rib-vaulted ceiling. Doors, shutters, cornices etc mostly original to Lugar.


A group with Lainshaw sundial, Hensol lodge and bridge. Hensol estate known as Duchrae before 19th century.


Robert Lugar, VILLA ARCHITECTURE 1828, pls 26-9.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).