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1048 GOVAN ROAD, GOVAN SHIPBUILDERS' STORE, FORMER ENGINE WORKS OF FAIRFIELD SHIPBUILDING AND ENGINEERING COMPANY (Ref:33357)

This building is in the Glasgow, City Of Council and the Glasgow Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 15/05/1987.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 5478 6593.

Description

Angus Kennedy: 1st drawings December 1868, working details summer 1869, completed 1871, in full production 1874. Engine Works approx 300' square, with 2 erecting shops added to W by Wm Arrol in 1906 and 1916. S elevation: giant classical brick facade, 9 bays, each separated by paired pilasters. 1869 Engine Works: 7 bays masking fitting/machine shops and 3 intermediate galleried bays. Bays fronting galleries and 4th, W, machine shop have 2 ground floor round-headed windows and 2 1st floor windows, all blocked. 1st E, machine shop: round arched doorway and original massive wooden hinged door with multi-paned iron-framed glazed light above and 2 42-paned windows. 2nd shop bigger moulded keystoned arch, over 30-foot tall, with multi-paned glazing over modern roller door. 3rd machine shop identical except blocked door. Side Walls: 9-bay, with 3 tall arched and keystoned doorways, part blocked, between pilasters. The other bays had tall round-headed windows, blocked in 19th century and false 1st floor windows (never glazed). E. wall now behind metal cladding. W wall seen from 1906 erecting shop. N Wall is similar to S but with a circa 1920 building attached. Entablature, cornice, slate roof glazed at ridge. Behind the perimeter ridges, roofs over machine shops are glazed and over galleries slated (all as built). 2 W bays (Wm Arrol): 1st bay 1906, built to match Boiler Shop at E (by A Myles 1889, demolished). Paired pilasters and large central arched doorway, flanking round-headed windows and 4 upper level windows in panels, all false. W bay, 1916, similar but wider, with modern cladding to W wall. Most windows were blocked before 1900, and those along sides and in Arrol block were always blind. Interior: 4 machine, turning and fitting shops aligned N-S, each 300' long with 50' spans. 3 intermediate gallery bays, 30' spans, formerly held 2 upper levels for lighter work, tool room millwrights etc. (upper galleries and parts of lower galleries removed 1938, but part remains at S end of eastmost gallery). Internal brick buttresses stretch about 10' into the works to strengthen wall at ends of each row of stanchions. 6 rows of 8 cast-iron I-section stanchions. Each stanchion carries 3 pairs of bracing struts branching out to carry 2 cast-iron box girders at gallery levels and larger top malleable iron girder for travelling crane. Top struts are timber, and carry timber king-post roofs. New breeze block partition between 2nd gallery and 3rd machine shop. Some stanchions are encased in concrete. Brick walls have relief arches and fittings for jib cranes. Arrol's erecting shops at W: internal steel frame carries crane girders. Ridge and furrow steel tie glazed roof on steel lattice girders.

Notes

"The finest surviving engineering works in Scotland and perhaps in Britan "(Hume, 1976, p24). It is probable that no other similar building, employing an internal cast-iron frame, exists on such a scale anywhere else in the world. The cast-iron stanchions are a characteristic of Scottish engineering works, but few have survived, and those that do (such as Linthouse and the Caledonian Ironworks) are less massive than here. Few heavy engineering works elsewhere in the world can have been on this scale and even fewer would have cast-iron as opposed to timber, wrought-iron, brick or steel vertical supports. Built for the biggest private shipyard in the world, this building produced the engines for such pioneering ships as the LIVADIA, CAMPANIA and LUCANIA. Randolph, Elder and Co, pioneers of the Compound Engine, were founded in 1852 and moved in the 1960s to Fairfield. From 1869 to 1888 the company was run by William Pearce, and was renamed in 1885 the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. List excludes metal-clad, steel framed bay at W, addition to N, internal breeze-block partition, modern stair in front of second bay and metal cladding on E wall.

References

THE FAIRFIELD SHIPBUILDING AND ENGINEERING WORKS (1909) Hume (1976) pp24, 165 Hume (1974) p261 G Hay, G Stell (RCAHMS) MONUMENTS OF INDUSTRY (1986) pp 124-8 Govan Shipbuilders' Plant Maintenance Drawings: P2,P3,P4,P5,P6,P58,P59,P60,P111,P112 (Engine Works) P1,P7,P8 (Boiler Shop) P10 (Elevation and cross-section of the whole.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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