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18 CLYDEBRAE STREET, GOVAN GRAVING DOCKS (Ref:33336)

This building is in the Glasgow, City Of Council and the Glasgow Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 15/05/1987.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 5615 6550.

Description

An outstanding graving dock complex without parallel in

Scotland.

1869-98, 3 major dry docks, associated quays, capstans

and bollards, pumphouses, workshops and other ancillary

buildings, retaining and boundary walls, ramped accesses

and stairs. The dock walls and quay edges are of grey

granite, the working surfaces whinstone setted, and

retaining walls and ramp sides are of cream sandstone.

Cast-iron gatepiers.

DRY DOCKS

No 1 Dock (at North): by James Deas and Alex Lister,

1869-75 551' long, 72' wide at entrance, depth to sill

22'9". Stepped sides and curved end, unusually curving

towards bottom. 9 sets of stairs with grooves for

materials. Paved base. Modern steel caisson gate to

Clyde. There is a series of associated buildings, mostly

to N; pump house and sluice houses, ashlar on rusticated

base with round-headed openings, with former boiler

house to N and pump room to south. The pumps are

sited below the building. There is a square accumulator

tower with 4 oculi, heightened in brick c.1895. The

sluice houses are small square buildings of similar

construction. At the entrance two hydraulic capstans by

the Anderston Foundry Co.

No 2 Dock (Centre): by James Deas, 1883-6; 575' by 67'

by 22'9". Stepped sides and vertical curved end. 4

stairs giving access through tunnels. Slides for

materials. Steel caisson gate and folding bridge, opening

off Clyde. Small flat-roofed brick pumphouse on S side

of entrance, which is flanked by hydraulic capstans as at

No 1 dock.

No 3 Dock (South): by James Deas, 1894-8; by far the

longest of the three, 880' by 83' by 26'6". Stepped sides

and vertical curved end. 8 stairs give access through

tunnels. Projecting piers in the centre with curved

recesses for caisson, to subdivide dock; caisson now

removed. Steel caisson gate and folding bridge opening

off Prince's Dock canting basin. Associated PUMP HOUSE

(at SE end of site) terra-cotta brick, with red sandstone

dressings, in two sections, eastern flat-roofed with

electric pumps in basement, gantry crane, tiled interior.

Western part wider, pedimented gable, slated roof with

ridge ventilator, housing workshop and hydraulic pumps.

Dated 1895 on cast-iron commemorative plaque.

On North quay, two workshops, one on either side of

No 1 pump house. On West, woodworking shop (formerly

harbour workshop) and offices, 2-storey 14-bay red and

yellow brick with pend at west end and weighbridge (A &

W Smith 1889). On east, mechanics' shop (c.1895), 1

storey 10-bay, red and white brick with iron-framed

round-headed windows and wrought-iron framed roof.

Doors with glazed fanlights on N.

Also series of ancillary buildings ranged round the site,

these of differing dates and built mostly of red or yellow

brick. Small steel Scotch derrick crane at N.

Notes

Built for the Clyde Navigation Trust during the years when the Clyde yards led the world in the building of sophisticated merchant ships, so the complex is of architectural/historic interest in an international context, of major significance in terms of the history of the world shipbuilding. Docks Nos 1 and 3 were each the deepest in Britain when built and could take the largest ships afloat

References

SR Archives T-CN/14/291, T-CN/14/464/14/3, T-CN/14/464/4/7, T-CN/14/464/5/4. J F Riddell, CLYDE NAVIGATION p.136. Hume (1974) p.262.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).