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111 QUEEN STREET AND 46-58 (EVEN NOS) ROYAL EXCHANGE SQUARE, GALLERY OF MODERN ART (FORMER STIRLING'S LIBRARY, FORMER CUNNINGHAME MANSION AND FORMER ROYAL EXCHANGE) (Ref:32818)

This building is in the Glasgow, City Of Council and the Glasgow Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 06/07/1966.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 5910 6530.

Description

E end (former Cunningham Mansion), 1778, altered and enlarged for Royal Exchange, David Hamilton, 1827-30, with 2nd E attic by Hamilton, 1880. Sculpture by James Fillans. Cream and yellow ashlar. 3-storey (2nd as full attic above cornice), attic to E end, and basement. E ELEVATION: imposing 7-bay Corinthian, pedimented portico, octostyle, with giant order on low plinth; full entablature and pediment and within portico coffered ceiling. 5 tripartite doorways flanked by windows, divided by panelled pilasters, cornice above as cill course for 5 architraved and corniced 1st floor windows. W ELEVATION: 3-bay. Wide advanced bay at centre with segmental tripartite window, with Corinthian column mullions and flanking pilasters, entablature as lintel and shallow fanlight and Soanic incised detail replacing architrave. Recessed outer bays with round-arched windows at ground and small windows above, flanked by giant Corinthian pilasters. Blocking course above modillioned cornice raised at centre with diminutive pedimented crowning details. N AND S ELEVATIONS: 9 bays to W (Hamilton, circa 1830) and 5 bays to E (Cunningham Mansion) linked by modillioned cornice. Corinthian hexastyle screen to W and, with entablature and parapet, with large anthemion finials to dies. 5 advanced bays to E with giant Corinthian pilastrade; doorway at centre of N elevation; pilaster jambs to corniced windows at ground and consoled pediments to those at 1st floor; small windows with shouldered architraves in parapet, with panelled dies bearing scrolls; slate mansard (1880) with 3 segmental leaded dormer windows each side. Set behind portico at E end, tall Corinthian peristyle lantern on channelled masonry base with projecting clock faces, and with open crown and shallow ogee dome. Small-pane, margin glazing pattern to ground floor sash and case windows of E bays, with plate-glass glazing to round-arched windows, and to sash and case at 1st floor. INTERIOR: inlaid marble vestibule with coffered ceiling; scagliola pedimented doorpiece; oval well with decorative ironwork balustrade; decorative leaded oval skylight above further inlaid marble floor. Decorative plasterwork to aisled hall, with massive Corinthian columns and entablature; flat ceilings above aisles. Decorative cast-iron, partly gilded, railings and pedestals front basement area.

Notes

Cunningham of Lainshaw commissioned the original mansion. Stirling's Library was formerly housed in Miller Street. Gomme and Walker point out the influence of Soane on the design, especially his Bank of England. Surrounding terraces of square, the Bank at W end (92-100 Buchanan Street), and the Wellington statue are listed separately.

References

Gomme and Walker 1987. J Swan SELECT VIEWS OF GLASGOW 1829.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

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