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168 CLYDE STREET AND FOX LANE, ST ANDREW'S ROMAN CATHOLIC CATHEDRAL (Ref:32666)

This building is in the Glasgow, City Of Council and the Glasgow Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 15/12/1970.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 5907 6478.

Description

J Gillespie Graham, 1814-17. Neo-perpendicular, rectangular plan church. Cream ashlar sandstone. Base course; hoodmoulds to pointed arch windows. S ELEVATION: 3-bay, gabled with semi-octagonal buttresses to centre, rising to octagonal finialled turrets. Pointed arch doorway with nook shafts and crocketted ogee hoodmould above. 2-leaf timber segmentally arched, panelled doors and pointed tympanum. Cill course below tall nave window, 3-light and transomed with curvilinear tracery; gable culminating in decorative corbelled gabled niche with figure of St Andrew. Pierced, coped lattice work skew parapet. Polygonal turrets flanking (see above). Aisle bays with 3-light windows, detailed similarly to nave window but smaller. Angle buttresses with pointed, cusped panels, terminating in crocketted pinnacles; crenellated skew parapets to aisles. E ELEVATION: 6 symmetrical bays; 2-light windows with quatrefoil tracery at head to each bay, divided by buttresses; doorway in outer left bay below window, with billetted architrave; 4 centre bays with canted flat-roofed ashlar confessional boxes at ground, each with cusped windows in chamfered sides. Coped crenellated parapet. 5 clerestorey 2-light windows to nave behind, with intermediate buttresses and crocketted pinnacles. W ELEVATION (TO FOX LANE): 6-bay, detailed similarly to E elevation without the canted projections. N ELEVATION: shallow canted apse projecting at centre with tall 3-light windows on each face and coped crenellated parapet; crowstepped blank apex to gable behind, with cross finial. Diamond lead-pane glazing; slate roofs. Decorative gutter-heads retained. INTERIOR: including alterations by the younger Pugin in 1871 and 1892. Central and side aisles; plaster fan vault with ornate bosses; keel-shaped clustered columns with capitals; painted and gilded chevron carving to depressed chancel arch; marble reredos and canopied marble altar. Fleur-de-lys finials to stalls; lattice panelling to confessional doors. Decorative stained glass lights to apse windows modern tripartite screen between vestibule and nave, with some etched glazing. Lady Chapel and Chapel of Our Lord with fine tripartite, Caen stone altars, pierced, marble coped parapets and wrought bronze gates. Ornate stone font; polychrome marble pulpit; marble piscina.

Notes

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. Plan constrained by narrow site, but successfully designed. Original building cost $16,000 and the college, in a similar style, which was originally intended to accompany the church, was abandoned for financial reasons. Close parallels in the composition of St Stephen's, Westminster, illustrated in Carter and Capon's book on Westminster. The church became a cathedral in 1889. Stone cleaning was carried out in 1982. A modern hall adjoins the building at the NE angle, by the paved square beside the cathedral.

References

Gomme and Walker 1987, pp.170-2. Doak Ed 31. Further information courtesy of Buildings of Scotland Research Unit.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

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C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).