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70 CATHEDRAL SQUARE, GLASGOW CATHEDRAL AND CATHEDRAL GRAVEYARD, BOUNDARY WALLS AND RAILINGS (Ref:32654)

This building is in the Glasgow, City Of Council and the Glasgow Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 15/12/1970.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NS 6010 6050.

Description

The building history of this great cathedral is long and

complex with at least 4 or 5 campaigns of building from

the early 12th century to the early 14th century by which

time the main body of the cathedral was complete. The

spire and Blackadder aisle were not completed in their

present form before the 15th century. A new cathedral

to serve the diocese of Glasgow was begun circa 1118 and

=consecrated in 1136. A further series of building works took

place in 1180's prior to its second consecration in

1197. Fragments of this early building survive in the SE

part of the crypt.

The major campaigns of building for the present cathedral

began around 1200, but by 1240 a new and grander

layout was adopted and work on the crypt and choir

begun. Also at this time work started on the Blackadder

aisle, only to be abandoned until completion by

Archbishop Blackadder between 1483 and 1508. The last

decades of the 13th century saw building work restart on

the nave, the choir being complete by that date. In the

early years of the 15th century a serious fire damaged

the chapter house necessitating extensive repairs, and

destroyed the original timber spire. This was rebuilt in

stone by the mid 15th-century.

Though surviving the Reformation in a virtually intact

state, despite internal subdivision to form 3 parish

churches, the cathedral suffered its worst alteration in

the 19th century. The 2 symmetrical towers flanking the

W end were demolished 1846-8, and the great W window

(first opened by David Hamilton in 1812) recast by

Edward Blore. By the mid 19th century the interior was

returned to its unified state with many new fittings,

completing work begun in the choir by William Stark in

1805.

INTERIOR: Many very high quality monuments and tombs

survive.

STAINED GLASS: between 1936 and 1967 the whole nave and

choir were fitted out with stained glass windows by

Scottish and British artists replacing the

mid-19th century glass designed by the Royal Bavarian

Stained Glass Company; only a few small lights from this

scheme survive in the sacristy and SW porch.

A full description of the building history of the cathedral

is found in the Official HMSO Guidebook.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND GRAVEYARD: Many good tombs and

monuments dating from the 17th century, some set into

boundary walls. Cast-iron spearhead railings and coped

walls define boundaries to graveyard.

Notes

Ecclesiastical Building in use as such. Guardianship Monument. The cathedral is dedicated to St Kentigern or Mungo, his tomb is in the crypt. Scheduled Monument - SAM 90150. Re-scheduled area 20 November 2002.

References

Richard Fawcett GLASGOW CATHEDRAL, HMSO 1985. Graham Forsyth GLASGOW CATHEDRAL STAINED GLASS, 1987. Gomme and Walker, 1987 p15-39. R Fawcett, THE BLACKADDER AISLE AT GLASGOW CATHEDRAL, PSAS, 115, 1985, p177-289. ed G E Todd, THE BOOK OF GLASGOW CATHEDRAL, 1898.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).