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1 RUTLAND SQUARE AND 28 RUTLAND STREET, INCLUDING RAILINGS (Ref:29686)

This building is in the Edinburgh, City Of Council and the Edinburgh Burgh. It is a category A building and was listed on 14/12/1970.

Group Items: see notes, Group Cat: A, Map Ref: NT 2463 7355.

Description

John Tait, circa 1830-1840, with later alterations. 3-storey with attic over basement, 5-bay Corinthian pilastraded pavilion corner block, terminating SW end of palace-fronted Rutland Street and adjoining numbers 2, 3 and 4 Rutland Square to SE. Droved sandstone ashlar at basement; polished sandstone ashlar above; polished dressings. Band course between basement and ground floor; banded cill course at 1st floor; projecting cills to 2nd floor; string course below dentil cornice; corniced and pilastered 3-bay attic at centre above (single bay to Rutland Street elevation). Moulded architraves to openings at ground floor; ashlar steps and entrance platts oversailing basement. NW (RUTLAND STREET) ELEVATION: 5-bay, grouped 1-3-1, with central block slightly advanced. Doorway in bay to centre at basement; window (blocked) in each bay to right; window in each bay to left. Consoled and corniced doorpiece at ground floor in bay to centre; timber panelled door with geometric fanlight above; window (including centred dormer) at each floor above; regular fenestration to all remaining bays, blocked in 2 bays to right at ground floor.SW (RUTLAND SQUARE) ELEVATION: segmental-arched doorway with replacement timber door and vertical-astragal fanlight offset to right of centre at basement; window in bay to outer right and in three bays at left. Consoled and corniced doorpiece at ground floor in bay to centre; timber panelled door with 4-pane rectangular fanlight; window at each flanking bay and to all floors above, including 3-bay attic.NE AND SE ELEVATIONS: obscured by adjoining buildings. Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows; 2-pane timber sash and case windows at ground floor to Rutland Square elevation. Grey slate roof. Tall mutual coped rendered multi-flue stack to NE of Rutland Street elevation; attic pilasters at NW act as stacks; tall cylindrical cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods. INTERIOR: converted as offices at ground floor and basement; unseen above.RAILINGS: spear-headed cast-iron railings (plain up steps to doors) mounted on ashlar copes to each elevation.

Notes

Part of the Edinburgh New Town A-Group, a significant surviving part of one of the most important and best preserved examples of urban planning in Britain. The approach to Rutland Square from the West End was planned by Archibald Elliot in 1819 and appears on Wood's 1823 map, although at that stage it had not been built. It was rebuilt, with revisions by John Tait, the architect of John Learmonth who bought the ground in 1825. Tait adopted the giant Corinthian pilaster motif at the entrance to the square.

References

J Wood, (1823); PLAN OF THE CITY OF EDINBURGH, INCLUDING ALL THE LATEST AND INTENDED IMPROVEMENTS, circa 1827; 1840 PO Directory map; J Gifford, C McWilliam and D Walker, EDINBURGH (Buildings of Scotland series), (1984), p379; Charles McKean, EDINBURGH, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE, (1992), p117.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).