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CULLEN HOUSE (Ref:2219)

This building is in the Moray Council and the Cullen Parish. It is a category A building and was listed on 22/02/1972.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NJ 505 662.

Description

Substantial turretted mansion of various builds now forming extended Z-plan. 1602 tower house incorporating earlier fabric and on earlier site; substantial late 17th, early and mid 18th and mid 19th (David Bryce, 1858-9) century additions and alterations. Divided as 13 separate residential units, architect Douglas Forrest, Cullen, 1982-4; S and SW wings damaged by fire, June 1987 and in course of restoration (1988). Two to 4 storeys in height; rubble, some harling, tooled and ashlar dressings, margins and crowsteps to gables. Roughly L-plan tower house at SE angle with long wing to W of pre 1602 origin. Latter given new S elevation with large windows by David Bryce; N facing elevation to courtyard retains 17th century details and earlier fabric with some regularisation of the windows. The original entrance to the tower to courtyard in tight angle at S of N-S range; roll moulded door (now blocked with window), elaborate doorpiece with stylised, waisted pilasters and heraldic medallions; diminutive angle turrets near wallhead. To N, 1602 3-storey range with substantial inserted doorpiece by Bryce modelled on the early design but with large rampant lions flanking. To N again rectangular-plan block of 1711-14 partly remodelled by Bryce. To W of W wing further 1711-14 additions also partly remodelled 1858. The E facing range with nearly symmetrical main elevation. Square tower at S of 1668 with some reworking; recessed bays of 1602 origin; N tower of 1711-14 with ogee roofed angle turrets and crenellations. Windows in a variety of shapes mainly sash and case with small panes excpet for Bryce's large inserted windows which are plate glass. Numerous windows break wallhead with elaborate dormerheads U-plan 2-storey service wings at N, including former kitchen, now divided as cottages and dwellings. 2 storeys, harled, ashlar margined window and door openings. Ridge, end and wallhead stacks of various dates; slate roofs. INTERIOR: divided vertically in separate dwellings retaining various original staircases and public rooms. Mid 18th century wrought-iron balustrade to former main staircase. Panelled entrance hall with Dutch tiled fireplace. Mid 18th century kitchen with moulded ceiling cornice now converted as dwelling and architect's office.

Notes

Mansion sited on rocky bluff overlooking Cullen Burn. Home of the Ogilvy family, Earls of Findlater and Seafield; from 1811 by marriage with Grants of Castle Grant, the Ogilvy-Grant family. Tower house built 1600-2 on site traditionally connected with single storey range of cells housing clergy of collegiate church, now the Old Parish Church. Various generations of wealthy Earls of Seafield commissioned the best architects of their day to change and add to the mansion, Smith and McGill, 1709, John and James Adam, James Playfair. Some of these plans may have been executed in part, but hidden under subsequent alterations; the principal surviving additions and alterations are those in Scottish Baronial style by David Bryce, 1858-9. Mansion sold in 1981 by Earl of Seafield to Kit Martin who subsequently divided it into 13 separate dwellings (Douglas Forest, architect). S and SW portion badly damaged by fire June 1987. This destroyed the 1600-2 painted ceiling in former library; restoration now in progress (1988).

References

THE STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1791, Witherington and Grant ed. 1982), p.126. Howard Colvin, A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS, 1600-1840 (1978), pp,44, 46, 530-1. Marcus Binney, 'Cullen House, Banffshire', COUNTRY LIFE, Dec. 19 and 26, 1985.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).