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This building is in the Aberdeenshire Council and the Echt Parish. It is a category A building and was listed on 16/04/1971.

Group Items: N/A, Group Cat: N/A, Map Ref: NJ 7508 7846.


Mansion round courtyard with outer court to N., and S.

terraced garden. Originally John Smith 1820 Neo-Greek

2-storey basement and attic square block with Greek-doric

porch and bow, both features now removed. Incorporated at

S.E. corner of large 2-storey and basement Italianate

mansion, William Smith 1859 (south side of present court),

2-storey coursed granite with bay windows and top parapet,

balustraded at bays, handsome 4-storey tower. Porte-cochere

at E. end removed, alterations and additions to E end

of Smith house, library, new courtyard entrance tower

containing staircase, and chapel added to form court George

Edmund Street 1877, French-Italian Romanesque. New dining

room, conservatory, and other additions, new windows to

court in Smith building G. Bennet Mitchell 1900.

Conservatory removed, extensive additions comprising

boilerhouse wing, gates and lodges N.W. and N.E. terraces

loggia gazebo etc. interior alterations and additions Sir

Aston Webb 1913-20. Bennet Mitchell's dining room removed,

internal alterations and Webb's diagonal screen wall to

court removed, Dunecht estate office 1950s.

Interior:- Smith staircase large square toplit and round-arched,

cove and panels painted in Raphaelesque manner by Italian

artists c. 1860 with additions 1900; Long gallery (W.

Smith) 100' x 16' compartmented ceiling, centre

Chimneypiece at W. end marble, G.E. Street; Entrance tower

and staircase (Street) 20' dia. open centre well with 47

colonnettes, vaulted at top. Library and drawing room have

English Jacobean woodwork (with marquetry panels) and

plasterwork installed c. 1920, Billiard Room English 15th

century screen with gallery, chimneypiece and panelling.

Library (G.E. Street, now ballroom) 120' x 27' x 40, arched

ceiling, iron galleries, reading room off, rich scheme of

decoration, Lunette by James Pryde. Chapel (Street)

100' x 34' x 50' with vaulted apse, waggon roof and N.E.

chapel. Stalls (Street 1877) inlaid walnut from Florence,

additional woodwork Dr. Kelly, 16th century panelling in N.E.



The 1859 and 1877-81 additions and alterations were carried out for the 25th Earl of Crawford and Balcarres (1812-80) and continued by his son the 26th earl. Work was suspended in 1881 after the theft of the body of the 25th earl and the estate advertised for sale in 1886, but was not sold;. at that date the library was still not occupied, the long gallery chimneypiece not assembled and the chapel floor incomplete. In 1900 it was sold to A.C. Pirie of Craibstone who employed G. Bennet Mitchell (then of the architectural department of Davidson and Garden Advocates) to design addition to the house and an extensive scheme of estate, improvement comprising new cottages at Echt and Dunecht (then Waterton). In 1907 it was let to Lord Cowdray who purchased the estate outright in 1912 commissioning Sir Aston Webb to make extensive additions in 1913-20. Further alterations were made internally by Dr. Kelly c. 1924-32.


Smith plans for 1820 house (undated) at estate office; accounts National Monuments Record Lithograph of 1859 state, no plans. No plans for Street additions, but refs in A.P.S.D. and Sale catalogue 1886 and 1912 Plans for Webb, Kelly, and Estate office alterations at Estate office. N.S.A. v. XII p. 738 3 S.A. p. 191 Aberdeen Press and Journal July 2nd 1900. Derek Hudson, James Pryde.

© Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. All rights reserved. Mapping information derived from Ordnance Survey digital mapping products under Licence No. 100017509 2012 . Data extracted from Scottish Ministers' Statutory List on . Listing applies equally to the whole building or structure at the address set out in bold at the top of the list entry. This includes both the exterior and the interior, whether or not they are mentioned in the 'Information Supplementary to the Statutory List'. Listed building consent is required for all internal and external works affecting the character of the building. The local planning authority is responsible for determining where listed building consent will be required and can also advise on issues of extent or "curtilage" of the listing, which may cover items remote from the main subject of the listing such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. or interior fixtures. All category C(S) listings were revised to category C on 3rd September 2012. This was a non-statutory change. All enquiries relating to proposed works to a listed building or its setting should be addressed to the local planning authority in the first instance. All other enquiries should be addressed to: Listing & Designed Landscapes Team, Historic Scotland, Room G.51, Longmore House, Salisbury Place, EDINBURGH, EH9 1SH. Tel: +44 (0)131 668 8701 / 8705. Fax: +44 (0)131 668 8765. e-mail: hs.listing@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Web: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/historicandlistedbuildings.

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Buildings are assigned to one of three categories according to their relative importance. All listed buildings receive equal legal protection, and protection applies equally to the interior and exterior of all listed buildings regardless of category.

ACategory A

Buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic, or fine little-altered examples of some particular period, style or building type. (Approximately 8% of the total).

BCategory B

Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered. (Approximately 51% of the total).

C(S)Category C(S)

Buildings of local importance, lesser examples of any period, style, or building type, as originally constructed or moderately altered; and simple traditional buildings which group well with others in categories A and B. (Approximately 41% of the total).